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  • Alprazolam (Xanax, Alprazolam Intensol, Novo-Alprazol)

    Alprazolam is an antianxiety agent, benzodiazepines. Used primarily for short-term relief of mild to moderate anxiety and nervous tension. Alprazolam is also effective in the treatment of activity depression or panic attacks. It can be useful in treating irritable bowel syndrome and anxiety due to a neurosis as well. Alprazolam may help the symptoms of PMS if extreme, some cancers pains if given with various narcotics, agoraphobia, essential tremor, and ringing ears.

    • Class: Triazolo Benzodiazepines
    • Generic Name: Alprazolam
    • Type: Antianxiety


    Actual dosage must be determined by the physician. Full benefits in first day to a week.


    • Oral Solution: 0.25mg , 0.5 mg, 1 mg / 5 ml, 0.25mg / 2.5 ml
    • Tablets: 0.25mg, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg

    Normal Dosage

    • If under 18 years of age, DO NOT USE!
    • 18 to 60 years of age, 0.25mg to 1.5mg daily.
    • Over 60 years of age, Lower dosage increased cautiously.

    Dosage Depends on Disorder

    • Oral (For anxiety or nervous tension )
      Start: 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg 3 times daily.
      Maximum: 4 mg in 24 hours.
    • Oral (For panic disorder )
      Start: 0.5 mg 3 times daily.
      Increases: 1 mg daily in 3 to 4 day intervals.
      Maximum: 10 mg in 24 hours.


    • Liver Function: If liver disease present, start dosage at 0.25mg, increase as needed.
    • Missed Dose(s): If within one hour take, if over an hour skip and then continue on your normal schedule. Never Take a Double Dose!
    • If Stop Taking: Do not stop without consulting your physician and never abruptly if have been taking for over three weeks.

    Overdose Symptoms

    • Confusion
    • Loss of consciousness
    • Sleepines


    Do not stop taking abruptly.

    Do not give this drug to anyone who is psychotic.

    Narcotics may increase the sedative effects of this drug. Do not take other sedative, benzodiazepines, or sleeping pills with this drug. The combinations could be fatal. Do not drink alcohol when taking benzodiazepines. Alcohol can lower blood pressure and decrease your breathing rate to the point of unconsciousness.

    The habit-forming potential is high. It is possible to become dependent in the first few days. Do not stop taking this drug abruptly, this could cause psychological and physical withdrawal symptoms.

    Do not take this drug if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Do not take if you are breast-feeding. Do not give this drug to anyone under eighteen and only in small doses if over sixty with very close monitoring.

    Do not use If: You had negative reactions to other benzodiazepines, if you have a history of drug dependence, if you have had a stroke, if you have multiple sclerosis, if you have Alzheimer's disease, if you are seriously depressed, or if you have other brain disorders. If you have myasthenia gravis or acute narrow-angle glaucoma.

    Inform Physician If:: You have a seizure disorder, impaired liver / kidney function, history of alcoholism / drug abuse, psychosis, palpitations, or Tachycardia.

    Alprazolam Symptoms or Effects

    Common (If Severe See a Physician)

    • Clumsiness
    • Sleepiness

    Rare (See Physician Always)

    • Abdominal cramps
    • Blurred vision
    • Dry mouth
    • Racing heartbeat / palpitations
    • Shaking / slurred speech
    • Urination problems
    • Convulsions
    • Hallucinations
    • Memory loss
    • Trouble breathing
    • Staggering / trembling
    • Headache
    • Confusion
    • Sore breast / milk secretion
    • Irregular menstruation

    See Physician NOW

    • Convulsions
    • Hallucinations
    • Memory loss
    • Trouble breathing
    • Staggering / trembling


  • Steroids

    Anabolic-androgenic steroids are a group of drugs similar to the male hormone testosterone. They have two major effects on the body:

    • Anabolic (they build muscles) and
    • Androgenic (they make you more masculine).

    Anabolic steroids are primarily used in veterinary medicine. In humans, doctors prescribe steroids to treat people who are slow to reach puberty, people with some blood disorders, and those with some types of breast cancer.

    Anabolic steroids should not be confused with corticosteroids. These are prescribed for asthma and other disorders and do not build muscles.

    Although anabolic steroids are banned by most professional and amateur sports, many athletes use them to improve their performance in sports requiring strength and power. These sports include track and field, weight lifting and football. Some men also use steroids to improve their physical appearance.

    Users take steroids orally or by injection. Many athletes take doses 5 to 10 times larger than those prescribed medically. Body builders and weight lifters may take doses up to 100 times larger. Steroid users tend to follow a variety of dosing routines. These include cycling (periods of use followed by periods of abstinence), stacking (combining different steroids in different forms), and pyramiding (peaking then tapering doses).

    Although selling anabolic steroids for non-medical use is illegal, they are readily available in most gyms. Since most of these steroids come from the "black market," they may be diluted with other substances. Some may be toxic.

    What are the short-term effects?

    • Steroids can increase your ability to exercise by reducing fatigue and increasing motivation.
    • When combined with intensive training and a nutrition program, steroids can increase lean muscle mass and strength.
    • Steroids also cause unpleasant side effects like acne, high blood pressure and increased cholesterol levels.
    • Users can also have sexual problems.

    With high doses, you can feel:

    • Euphoria
    • Aggressiveness
    • Irritability ("roid rage")
    • Anxiety
    • Insomnia
    • Depression, mania
    • Paranoia, delirium

    Large oral doses can cause stomach-ache, nausea and vomiting. People who inject steroids and share needles risk bacterial and viral infections, including hepatitis and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

    What are the long-term effects?

    • Teens using high doses may have their growth permanently stunted.
    • If you take high doses for a long time, you risk rupturing tendons.
    • You can develop blood clots, stroke, heart disease and heart attacks, liver disease and cancer.

    Females often experience:

    • Increased facial and body hair
    • Enlarged clitoris
    • Reduced breast size
    • Irregular periods
    • Deepened voices
    • Male-pattern baldness

    Many of these effects are irreversible.

    Males often experience:

    • Shrinking testicles
    • Painful enlarged breasts
    • Decreased sperm count
    • Temporary infertility
    • Difficulty achieving an erection

    If you take high doses for a long time, you risk rupturing tendons. You can develop blood clots, stroke, heart disease and heart attacks, liver disease and cancer.

    Steroids and Addiction

    Steroid users do not appear to develop tolerance. This means that larger doses are not needed over time to achieve the same effects. Dependence on steroids does occur. Users can experience both physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking steroids. These include nausea, headache, sweating dizziness, irritability, and depression.


  • PCP (Angel Dust)

    PCP (phencyclidine), also known as angel dust, is usually known as a hallucinogen. However, it also has the effects of a stimulant, an anesthetic, or a narcotic pain-killer, depending on how much is taken. PCP has been used medically as an anesthetic, first on humans and later on animals. For this reason, it sometimes goes by the street name of "horse tranquilizer."

    PCP can be sold as a powder, liquid or tablet, and can be smoked, swallowed or injected. It is sometimes passed off as LSD, marijuana, or other drugs. PCP is sometimes taken with LSD and is often sprinkled on marijuana and smoked.

    What are the short-term effects?

    • The effects of PCP may vary greatly, more so than most street drugs.
    • It has both stimulant and depressant effects.
    • These effects can include a sense of separation from one's surroundings and difficulties in concentrating and communicating.
    • Users may experience distortions of time, space, and body image, may become highly confused.
    • With higher doses, some people become paranoid, terrified, and either aggressive or passive.
    • This experience is referred to as a "bad trip" and may last several days.
    • Some, but not all, users experience an intense euphoria.
    • Occasionally, people who have taken PCP have been injured in accidents caused by drug-induced confusion.
    • Some people have died as a result of accidents caused by this confusion.
    • A PCP overdose can cause convulsions, coma, and possibly death.

    What are the long-term effects?

    There are not many people who use PCP on a regular basis.

    • Extended use can lead to persistent speech problems, depression, anxiety, or memory loss.
    • Some users may experience flashbacks in which a sensation or hallucination may recur days, weeks, or months after the drug has been taken.
    • Anxiety and withdrawal from social situations may also occur.
    • It is impossible to predict the behavior of someone who has taken PCP.
    • Users develop a condition similar to schizophrenia.
    • Users can become aggressive, violent, paranoid, and delusional.
    • Users can also have auditory hallucinations.

    Tolerance and Dependence

    Tolerance is the body adapting to the presence of a drug. When tolerance to a drug increases, more of the drug is necessary to achieve the same effect. Users can build up a tolerance to PCP. Some people who use PCP become dependent on it. Compulsive daily use and strong craving for the drug are not unusual. The effects of PCP are extremely unpredictable. Both short-term and long-term effects are serious and will differ for each person. As well, the user may experience different effects each time the drug is taken.


  • Ritalin® (Methylphenidate)

    Ritalin® is the brand name for the medication methylphenidate. When abused, it stimulates the mind and body in much the same way as amphetamines and cocaine.

    Doctors use Ritalin to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). No one knows exactly how it works, but it seems to help an ADHD-affected person pay attention to tasks and reduce impulsive and hyperactive behaviour. It has become a popular way to control difficult behaviours in children, especially at school. It is also used to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder.

    There is concern that some adults as well as youths are abusing Ritalin to get high. The way abusers obtain Ritalin can also cause problems. Some children are bullied into giving up their medication, and some abusers steal it. There are reports of people selling the drug on school grounds.

    People who abuse Ritalin usually crush it into a powder. They snort it, or dissolve and inject it. Illegally possessing or selling methylphenidate is a criminal offense. Convictions result in fines, prison sentences and criminal records.

    What are the effects of short-term use?

    • If you abuse Ritalin, you might feel euphoric ("high"), even at low doses.
    • If you take high doses of Ritalin, you may get exhilarated and excited.
    • Ritalin can make you feel more alert, or make you drowsy.
    • You may have trouble sleeping.
    • Sometimes Ritalin can make you feel less tired right away, but very tired later.
    • You may lose your appetite, feel nauseous and vomit.
    • You might also get a headache and fast, irregular heartbeat.
    • It can make you feel dizzy or nervous.
    • You can also find physical movements are more difficult.

    With High Doses

    • Can make you agitated, confused, and paranoid (believing that people are out to get you)
    • May hallucinate (imagine things that are not really there)
    • Muscles twitch, pupils dilate, face turns red
    • Heart beats faster and harder
    • Mouth gets dry and may cause vomitting
    • May run a fever and start sweating

    Very High Doses

    • Can make you delirious
    • Cause seizures
    • Coma

    Anyone who injects drugs and shares needles runs the risk of bacterial and viral infections including hepatitis and HIV (the virus that causes AIDS).

    What are the effects of long-term use?

    Children who are given Ritalin for attention deficit problems usually become less hyperactive. They are more able to pay attention, finish tasks and think about their actions before acting. They often do better in school. The most common side-effects of long-term Ritalin use include:

    • Nervousness and insomnia
    • Loss of appetite, stomachache, headache and dizziness
    • There is some evidence that long-term use can suppress growth in children.
    • People who inject high doses of Ritalin daily can become paranoid (This seems to go away when they stop using the drug.)

    If you abuse drugs, even medications, you can develop serious personal problems. Using drugs can become more important than your family and friends. You may continue using even when your job or schoolwork is suffering, or when you run into financial, spiritual or legal problems. Young people who frequently abuse drugs may not learn how to solve problems, handle their emotions, and become mature, responsible adults.
    Ritalin and Addiction

    People who abuse Ritalin for a long time will eventually need more to get the pleasant effects. They can become dependent on the way it makes them feel. They may panic if they are unable to get more, and crave it if they try to stop using it. They can also become physically dependent. When they stop using, they can feel exhausted and severely depressed.


  • Opiates

    Opiates are derived from a sap taken from a seed pod of the plant "papaver somniferum."

    Brand / Generic Names

    Raw Opium, Opium, Codeine, Morphine, Heroin, Hydromorphone (Dilaudid), Oxycodone (Percodan), Oxymorphone (Numorphan), Hydrocodone (Vicodin), Meperidine (Demerol), Fentanyl, Methadone (Dolophine), Darvon, Talwin. Street Names Smack, Horse, Junk, "H", Hard Stuff, Shit, Mexican Brown, China White, Chiva, Goma, Gumball, Schoolboy, Downtown, Dolls, Dollies, Drug Store Heroin, Miss Emma, Morf, "M", Morpho, Big H, Black Tar, Boy, Brown Sugar, Crown Crap, Doogie, Hairy, Harry, Hazel, Henry, George Smack, Him, Horse Radish, Joy Powder, Mud, Muzzle, Scag, Schmeck, Smeck, Tecata, White Lady.

    Possible Effects of Opiates

    General effects of narcotic analgesics include: sedation, slowed reflexes, raspy speech, sluggish "rubber-like" movements, slowed breathing, cold skin, and possible vomiting. However, as a user continues to abuse narcotic analgesics he or she will build a tolerance to the drug, therefore causing the effects to diminish. Heroin, a very strong narcotic depressant, completely destroys the users ability to reason. Its synthetic form, known as "designer drug" has been proven to be even more deadly and addictive. If the abuser wishes to maintain the same effect, he or she will have to take steadily larger doses as the tolerance develops.

    Heroin users generally experience certain psychological effects immediately after injection. These include a feeling of euphoria: relief from withdrawal symptoms: and, relief from pain. Physical effects, if they are evident at all, typically will become evident after 15-30 minutes. Physical effects may not be evident if the user is tolerant and has taken a normal dose. With new users, the physical effects include: nodding off, poor motor coordination, depressed reflexes, and slow breathing.

    Withdrawal Symptoms

    If a user is addicted to opiates he or she will suffer withdrawal symptoms if they don't receive another dose, or "fix", before the drug is completely out of their system. Withdrawal effects can be chills, aches of the muscles and joints, nausea and insomnia. These symptoms normally start 4-6 hours after the last dosage of the drug. The withdrawal signs and symptoms intensify from 14-24 hours following the injection, and may be accompanied by gooseflesh, slight tremors, loss of appetite and dilation of the pupils. Approximately 24-36 hours since the last "fix", the addict experiences insomnia, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, depression and hot/cold flashes. Withdrawal signs and symptoms generally reach their peak after 2-3 days. At this point, the addict usually experiences muscular and abdominal cramps, elevated temperature and severe tremors and twitching. This twitching, especially of the legs, is referred to in the expression "kickin' the habit". The addict is very nauseated at this time, may gag and vomit repeatedly, and may lose 10-15 pounds within 24 hours.

    Overdose Signs

    Overdose signs of narcotic analgesics are depressed respiration, slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, possible coma and death.


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